Signs Your Chimney Needs to Be Cleaned
On colder winter nights, there’s nothing quite like a fire roaring the hearth. If you use your fireplace regularly, however, you need to perform the proper maintenance. When chimneys aren’t cleaned, buildups of soot and creosote develop, which can have dangerous consequences. Here are a few signs that your chimney needs to be cleaned.
Creosote is the main reason why chimney users need to perform regular maintenance on their chimneys. Most experts recommend that homeowners clean their chimneys at least once a year. These cleaning sessions are primarily to get rid of creosote buildup. Creosote is the result of incompletely burned wood; when you light a fire without sufficient oxygen, it results in unburned tar vapors, which collect over time. If the layers of creosote get too thick, it can cause chimney fires.
To avoid this fate, homeowners should know how to detect creosote buildup. First, they should check for downdrafts coming from the chimney. If the airflow is coming down the chimney, open windows and doors until the flow of air reverses. Once the air is moving in the right direction, put on a pair of goggles, grab a poker, and strike the creosote deposits above the smoke chamber. Ideally, the poker should leave a thin mark on the wall. If the scratch has the depth of a paper cut, your chimney doesn’t need to be cleaned. If the scratch has a measurable width, like 1/8-inches to 1/4-inches, your chimney needs to be cleaned before you use it again.
Other Signs That Your Chimney Needs to Be Cleaned
A visual inspection of creosote buildup isn’t the only sign of a chimney in need of a sweep. When using the fireplace, homeowners should be on the lookout for unusual activities, like slow-starting fires and smoke that fills the room or house. When the fire isn’t burning, homeowners may notice strange smells or gusts of cold air.
Don’t let your fireplace turn into a safety hazard. If your chimney needs professional assistance, look for expert chimney cleaning Washington DC.…
4 Ways Water Gains Access to Your Foundation
One of the worst things for a foundation is to allow water to collect and sit. It begins to deteriorate the foundation material and will enter the structure, which can cause even more damage. Below are four ways water attacks your foundation.
Lack of a Working Gutter System
Your gutters and downspouts are an essential part of drainage that helps protect your foundation. It gathers the water pouring off the roof after a rain and leads down and away from the structure. Clogs, broken sections and a lack of gutters all contribute to water seeping through the foundation and causing damage.
Cracks In the Foundation
Existing cracks in your foundation, no matter how small, can spell big trouble over time and require exterior foundation repair. Water has easy access to the interior of the building through the cracks. Ice can build up in the cracks and force them open wider. Over time it can begin deteriorating the materials of the foundation.
Poor Property Sloping
If your building is stuck in a low spot of the property, or on a hillside, water can pool around the foundation after heavy rains. It will lead to necessary repairs of the foundation and creating a better drainage plan that removes the water from the property.
Extensive Soil Erosion at Foundation
Severe settling of the foundation and soil erosion leads to a trenching along the edges of the foundation. These low areas are perfect for the build-up of water. You may need to have the settling problem fixed and the soil replaced that has drifted off with rain runoff.
Avoiding the water problems that lead to foundation problems are preferable to dealing with the potential for extensive damage to the foundation and interior of the building. Your foundation is designed to last the lifetime of the home or business when cared for properly.…
These days coloring the concrete surfaces both old and new using acid stains (also called reactive stain or chemical stain) is very popular because of its unique looks and cost effectiveness. Acid staining is a process in which an aqueous solution of metallic oxides and inorganic acid is sprayed over an existing concrete surface. The acidic solution of metallic oxide reacts with lime (Calcium Hydroxide) present in the concrete yielding insoluble, colored compounds that become a permanent part of the concrete. Therefore, one of the basic conditions where coloring concrete using acid stains is going to work is the presence of lime in the concrete. Quiet often people who have just bought a home or condo, remove the carpeting or vinyl tile, and find something underneath which they believe is concrete. When they spray the acid stain or reactive stain and wait to get disappointed because they do not see any change in the color on their concrete surface. This is because the substrate that looks like concrete is in fact gypsum based ‘Gypcrete’. Builders often use this on upper floors to level out areas of sub flooring and provide a good base for other types of floor coverings. Unfortunately, staining Gypcrete does not produce any desirable results since it does not contain any lime; moreover it is too soft and easily abraded. Therefore ‘Gypcrete’ cannot be used as a wear layer.
Since Gypcrete surfaces cannot be used as a wear layer and acid stains do not work on them, it is usual practice to apply a 1/16inch polymer modified concrete resurfacing material (also called micro-topping or skim coat). Please find below the steps involved in resurfacing Gypcrete and acid staining with a micro-topping or skim coat –
a. Sweep the Gypcrete surface and dry vacuum the surface thoroughly. Rake out the joints where drywall meets the floor. Clean the adjoining areas even those not being resurfaced with a micro-topping.
b. Install masking paper (plastic) at least 48″ high on the surrounding walls. Spray a light mist of water just to damp the surface (DO NOT FLOOD!)
c. Using a brand new rayon mop, apply the first coat of acrylic primer (Cp1000) after diluting it with water @ 1:1 ratio. After waiting for at least 60 minutes, apply second coat of diluted acrylic primer and let it cure overnight (or 10 hours at least) before proceeding to the next step.
d. Apply another coat of acrylic primer, this time non-diluted and let it dry for 30-60 minutes. The third coat of primer can be applied using garden sprayer (i.e., available in Home Depot or Lowes).
e. Apply a thin coat (1/16″) coat of micro-topping or polymer modified overlay using magic trowel. Please follow the link for specific instruction on application of polymer modified micro-topping, Sgraffino. Allow the micro-topping to cure for at least 24 hours. In damp and cold conditions (basements), wait for at least 48 hours before proceeding to the next step.
f. Apply acid stain on the completely dried micro-topping. Please follow the link for specific instruction on application of an acid stain, Patinaetch. Allow the acid stained surface to dry for at least 24 hours before proceeding to the next step.
g. The micro-topping needs to be protected with a good quality sealer. Apply one coat of water based epoxy sealer, Perdüre E32 followed be another coat of water based polyurethane, Perdüre U46. Allow at least 6 hours between the application of epoxy primer and polyurethane topcoat. The sealed surface will be ready for use after 24hours. Of course, it takes at least 3 days for full cure.
Making a mind for installing a floor in your house? Do not get confused; simple and durable flooring you can opt for is there. Vinyl flooring is one of the finest choices keeping in view the long lasting quality and its affordability. Especially when you are considering flooring of bathrooms and kitchen, vinyl floor is the best option. Trend of installing vinyl floor is increasing day by day. Not only the durability and affordability is the major reason but also it has a wide range to select from. There are various designs, colors and types and the prices depend on the quality and material used in manufacturing. Let’s discuss in detail the characteristics of this flooring.
Introduction To Vinyl Floor:
Vinyl floor is basically a building material made of polyvinyl chloride called PVC. It is made of engineered products instead of original material. Similar to linoleum but is more durable. It can be used in commercial areas like offices, shopping malls as well as in residential areas like bedrooms as well as kitchens and bathrooms.
Types Of Vinyl Floor:
There are basically two types of this flooring. One is called printed vinyl and the other is inlaid vinyl. Printed contains a thin sheet of vinyl and has a coating of printed-paper. It is cheap in cost and is not much durable, while the inlaid vinyl is thicker in sheet strength and is expensive. Both are available in the market in form of sheets as well as tiles.
Advantages Of Vinyl Floor:
Vinyl is less cost, long lasting and easy to maintain flooring. It is highly resistant to moisture and this quality makes it best option for the bathrooms and kitchen flooring. It can be the great flooring for heavy traffic areas like offices, shopping centers and schools. It’s underlay gives comfort to the foot and add insulation.
Disadvantages Of Vinyl Floor:
One of the major drawbacks of vinyl floor is that it cannot be refinished or polished. Over time when it looses its luster it looks dull and it can wear down. Though it is less in cost from other flooring but have short life comparatively. It is also sensitive to sunlight and cold and can get fade or crack.
When choosing for vinyl floors consider installation, cost and type of vinyl. Use inlaid vinyl flooring for heavy traffic areas like shopping centers, offices and schools. Printed vinyl floor is best for low traffic areas like personal bedroom. Use tiles if you want more designs and it is also easy to install on your own. But if you have tight budget go for vinyl sheets, as it is less in cost than tiles.
When you go shopping for an iron umbrella stand it is helpful if you know what kind of style you would like. There are so many on the market and they verge from the cheap and cheerful mass produced cast iron versions right through to the antique wrought iron ones made in the Victorian age.
Wrought iron pieces were once the sign of wealth and were very popular in the gardens and mansions of the elite. Talented blacksmiths spent weeks hand crafting these pieces and working with the iron until they had achieved a beautiful result. You can find some of these fantastic pieces at real bargain prices as often they have not been looked after. Covered in rust, they can look like too much work to bring back to their natural beauty. Often people will decide to buy a new iron umbrella stand rather than the antique.
But it doesn’t actually take that much work. You simply need a drill with the wire brush attachment, some sandpaper, a smaller hand held wire brush and a lot of patience. When you have taken the initial rust off you will need some primer, a rust inhibitor and finally some paint. You begin by removing the rust which you can do with the drill so long as you take things very slowly. You will need to use the sandpaper and hand held brush on the more intricate engravings. Once you have removed the rust and have achieved a smooth surface you will need to paint the piece with a rust inhibitor. An iron umbrella stand does attract rust as you tend to either use it outdoors or place wet umbrellas in it so protecting it in this way is very important. Then just prime the piece and apply a coat of paint and you will own a beautiful object.
It’s quite understandable that you had a hard time making decision to procure the SAP software considering cost and business renovation according to the system. Then, after many months of planning and implementation go through, you finally GoLive and try to find some room to relax. But, in no time you almost spend a calendar year, so here comes annual SAP official license audit. You will start receiving mails from SAP audit team members to complete the reports by given date. Actually you are not ready for all these measurement parameters to count so early. But as you have already signed the agreement with SAP, you should perform these steps in due time. So, you will soon start working with some new terms like USMM, SLAW etc.
So what is USMM?
USMM is the Tcode for the measurement program. By using this tool, you can determine all users license classification as per your procured SAP application and also the number of engines powered in each system. Then you can transfer the report online, directly to SAP.
Now, what is LAW?
LAW stands for License Administration Workbench, sounds bit tough though. Tcode for running this tool is SLAW. You can consolidate each system measurement reports by this program and send directly to SAP.
So are you ready to prepare your first measurement reports? Surely you are. Before proceeding to USMM, you must consider the following points –
– Check on SAP Service Market Place that you have all valid System Installations. Delete any unused or invalid installation without proper license.
– Check at, SAP Market Place -Data Administration -System Data
– Make sure you are the authorized person to do this, duly assigned by your company.
– Check your authorization profile on each system, that you have proper authorization to run USMM.
– Measurements should be done for Production, Development & Test Systems, that means you have to exclude IDES (Training) systems and any Backup systems.
– Prepare your measurement plan according to you Contract number, Installation/Customer number and System identification.
– Consult with your regional SAP LAW Team for all kind of assistance. Yes, they are available and very helpful in the matter no doubt.
SAP System measurement procedure on Development Systems:
1. Run the transaction code USMM.
2. Select ABAP DEV Client ON Clients tab.
3. Go to Price lists tab and select the applicable price list as per your contract.
4. Select User types. SAP Application Developer (CA) and Test (91).
5. On the Addresses tab, enter senders name & recipient name.
6. Now the most important part, User Classification. Run the query by clicking on ‘User classification’ (Shift+F6). Enter ABAPer client and execute (F8). This will show a list of all users according to license. Select SAP Application Developer(s) /ABAPer(s) as per your number of ABAP Developer license(s) and assign all other users as ‘Test’ user type. Be sure that ‘Checked user Type’ completely matched with ‘Manual User Type’. If any mismatch found, re-classify by selecting all mismatched users and click on ‘Classify Selected Users’ (Shift+F1). Select Contractual User Type from drop down menu and click on Save icon (Ctrl+S). Then run the query again to check all user classification is accurate. Now back to main USMM screen (F3).
7. As it seems like you have configured the parameters correctly, now it’s time to execute the main query, the ‘System Measurement’, click or just press F8. It will take around 5 to 15 minutes to complete all background job processes, depending your system and number of users. So, just sit back and have a cup of coffee in the meantime.
8. Check the ‘Measurement Statistics’ that all data is as per your configuration.
9. Click on ‘Comments’, if you want to send a Memo to SAP along with the measurements.
10. Finally, send your measurement results online to SAP by clicking on ‘Send to SAP’ or just press F10.
Now be sure that your SAP Router is active to complete the online transfer of reports. You can check the online transfer process by using the tcode SDCC or, SDCCN, will be discussed later. In case of LAW consolidation, export the measurement report. Go to top horizontal menu, System Measurement -Export to LAW File (Ctrl+F10). Then from Data Transfer Selection, select ‘By Download to file’ and click execute (F8). Save the txt file in your computer for later import in LAW consolidation. You can also transfer by choosing RFC to LAW Center or By Email, but in reality downloading as a txt file is the easiest way to proceed.
Now that you have completed the hard work, wait for your SAP License Auditor to response over email. They will come up with specific suggestions whether you need any correction on selection or re-classification of …