A house plan is a must for building a home before its construction begins. It is helpful for planning home space, estimating the cost of the expenses, allotting the budget, knowing the deadline of the construction and setting the schedule of meeting with the architect, designer or home builder. So if you are planning to build a new house without it, then it’s for sure, the house will have a low quality structure and design and also cost you more money in the long run because of the mistakes that may arise once the construction starts.
When making a house plan, there are many important points to consider. One is the location where the house will be built. It is usually best to buy a land before you start to make a house plan. Knowing the area and the type of terrain you chose to build on is helpful to properly plan the house and maximize the space of the land area. It’s also necessary to consider the lifestyle and the size of the family to see how many number of rooms and bathrooms needed, what kind of style and design of the living room, kitchen and dining room and how much space is needed for each of them. You also need to consider the number of your vehicles for you to plan well how much big your garage should be. It’s best to discuss these details with your family to make sure that your new house will meet your standard of living.
There are lots of ways to obtain a desired house plan for your new house. You can search it through the internet and choose from various websites that feature display homes with their corresponding house design plans. Searching for some examples of house plans can be an efficient, smart and fast way of getting and refining ideas in planning and making your own one.
Certainly, a house plan is necessary in building a house. It helps you visualize how the house should look like when it’s fully finished. Seeing the overall layout and house design will make you sure that the architect has met your exact requirements on its structure, features, designs, styles and all other important details in building your house. It also gives the home builder a good overview on its house design and guides him all the way through the entire project. So it’s imperative to not be rush in making a house plan to ensure that all your requirements are met and to avoid mistakes. Ideally, preparing a house plan should take several weeks and need a lot of discussion with your architect or home builder. Doing this gives you a sense that your hew house is built safe and also assures you its quality and excellence.
The construction industry is a large and messy one. Even the smallest construction site can end with a large and daunting mess that needs to be cleaned up. In order to efficiently and effectively clean a construction site, follow this simple checklist to make sure nothing is left unclean. This checklist is a great tool not only for small remodeling construction sites established by a homeowner but is also a valuable tool for the commercial cleaner who is hired to clean up a large-scale commercial mess.
Start first with general cleanup. In newly constructed homes, buildings, etc. clean and scrub the walls, ceilings, any installed appliances, trims, base boards, doors, mantels, windows, etc. Also make sure to dust well as the act of construction will build up reserves in dust in any nook and cranny it can. This dust if left to continue to accumulate can become detrimental to overall health if left unchecked. Check the tops and undersides of doors, hinges for dirt, debris of any extra paint that is leftover and make sure that it is removed. If interior masonry is existent in the construction site, make sure it is properly cleaned before proceeding. Vacuum or sweep carpets, hardwoods or tiled floors respectively, making sure to remove any accidental paint splatter or any scuff marks. Wipe off faucets and knobs as well as any electrical switches. Then, a final item to check off your list of general cleanup is to remove and dispose of any trash.
For other areas of construction sites, such as entries, exits and kitchens, special cleanup care is necessary. For all exits and entryways, take special notice to clean doors and hinges properly so everything closes in the way that it is designed to do so. For the exterior doors of a building or home that has a porch or deck, sweep and clean those accordingly. Also including in an exterior construction site cleanup checklist is to completely pressure wash those areas as well as the driveway and garage spaces. If the construction site includes an outdoor patio, also pressure wash that site.
Kitchen construction cleanup requires all the of the items on the general construction site cleanup checklist but requires you to make note of some special areas to clean unique to the kitchen space. Clean all kitchen appliances inside and out, this meaning the stove, refrigerator, oven, dishwasher, etc. Check around the appliances to where they either attach to the wall or counter tops to see if you need to remove any excess caulking or wipe clean of any leftover dust residue. Also, if the appliances are new, make sure to remove any plastic packaging or labels.
This being a very basic cleaning checklist, it should be no means be used as a standard or even an exclusive construction site cleaning checklist. But the items mentioned in this list will leave you with a home or building that is considerably cleaner and nicer to look at than the one you saw before you started to clean. Even so, a more professional checklist or company might need to help assist you in officially cleaning a construction site.
A common bathroom surface material is cultured marble. Cultured marble is actually a surface composed of several materials, including marble dust, limestone and resin. The material is most common for bathroom vanity tops that have built-in sinks, but it can also be used for showers and bathtubs. No matter what surface is made of cultured marble, it is important to use the proper materials and procedures to keep it clean. Given its porous nature and malleable properties, cultured marble is not as resistant to stains and damage as other materials. There are, however, steps you can take to ensure your cultured marble surface lasts for years to come.
When it comes to cleaning cultured marble, keep one thing in mind. Do not use abrasive cleansers. Most cultured marble is sealed, and any cleansers containing abrasives or bleach can break down the seal. Water based cleansers work well for basic cleaning purposes. If you have soap scum or similar buildup on the surface, vinegar can break up the residue without harming the seal or cultured marble itself. If anything spills on the surface, be sure to wipe it up as soon as possible to prevent stains. Unlike other surfaces, cultured marble is susceptible to permanent stains, especially from materials such as hair dye and oil-based products. This is due to the variations in sealants used among cultured marble manufacturers. The safest course of action is to clean all spills right after they happen even if the manufacturer claims the seal will resist stains. Other options for preventing staining include placing a thick cloth over the surface while using products that can stain or using such products in areas that do not have cultured marble.
To maintain the finish of your cultured marble surface, consider how said surface looked when you first installed it. The main finishes available for cultured marble are satin and glossy. Satin, a low luster finish, requires little in the way of extra maintenance outside of regular cleaning. With glossy finishes, you may want to invest in a polish. Avoid polishes with carnuba wax, as these polishes are designed for less porous materials. Water or silicone based polishes are good options for this tricky surface. Some people may recommend polyurethane if the finish remains dull after polishing. Keep in mind, though, that it is difficult to apply polyurethane if you do not or cannot remove the cultured marble surface from the room. If the sealant spills on other fixtures, it can cause damage and may not be removed. Likewise, if the cultured marble has detail work, applying polyurethane into the crevices can take a long time. This is a project that can work with properly prepared cultured marble but is not recommended for those who are not able to invest a lot of time in the project.
Since cultured marble is more malleable than other kitchen and bathroom surfaces, it is more vulnerable to dings, scratches and similar imperfections. Use caution when holding heavy objects near or above cultured marble. Though it takes an object of great weight to cause noticeable damage, even a shampoo bottle can dent the surface. Such dents can change the overall texture of cultured marble over time. If you spot a dent or scratch on a solid colored surface, you can apply a small amount of appliance or car wax to fill in the gaps. However, if there are multiple flaws or if the surface is a unique color, have a professional rebuff and polish the surface for you. The cost will be higher than doing it yourself, but the finish will be more consistent throughout the surface.
Depending on your budget and ideas for your kitchen or bath, cultured marble can provide you with years of durability. Taking care of this material is different from maintaining stone or laminate. Most of the things you can do to maintain your cultured marble surface require little time on your part if practiced regularly. The key is keeping the seal in tact. Once you adjust your cleaning routine to accommodate this objective, your cultured marble will be around for years to come.
Many people underestimate the power of a pressure washing machine. Serious and even fatal injuries can result when using pressure washers improperly or if basic safety measures are ignored. The two main types of pressure washing machines are electric and gas. Electric machines emit water at pressures exceeding 1,000 pounds per square inch (PSI). Many gas pressure washers exceed 2.000 PSI and are capable of reaching pressures as high as 4,000 PSI on industrial units. Higher pressure is obviously a faster and more effective cleaning tool… but with the greater pressure, comes the greater chance for serious injury.
Serious injuries from a pressure washer may include abrasions, slip and falls, blindness, and high-pressure injection. The sheer pressure of water alone is powerful enough to cause an injury, but using chemicals during the cleaning process can make a bad situation even worse. Injuries and wounds sustained while pressure washing can appear deceptively benign but should always be examined and treated by a doctor or qualified emergency care provider.
Abrasions are a common injury associated with pressure washing. To reduce the risk of getting abrasions, wear protective clothing including gloves, closed shoes and long pants. Avoid pointing the pressure washer at yourself, other people and pets. Do not depress the trigger until you are sure of where the gun is pointing and use care not to spray your hands, feet or legs.
Slips and falls can lead to hospitalization or death. Wet surfaces will be more slippery and ice can form rapidly in cold climates. Using a pressure washer on a ladder or other elevated surface is dangerous due to the backward force of a pressure washing gun, which can easily throw a person off balance. Understand your work area and how water will affect the surface. Use appropriate safety harnesses when operating a pressure washer from a ladder, lift, or crane.
Blindness and other eye injuries can occur not only from being sprayed directly in the eye, but from foreign objects or chemicals flying through the air. The power of water at high pressure can send rocks, nails, glass, and other harmful debris hurtling through the air at damaging speeds. Chemicals and detergents can also splash up from the surface. Always wear shock resistant and splash resistant safety glasses or goggles when operating a pressure washer. In the event of a chemical-related eye injury, seek immediate medical help and be sure to take the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or label explaining the chemical’s properties for the physicians’ review.
High-pressure injection (HPI) occurs when water and other debris/chemical penetrates the skin and causes deep tissue damage. Serious infections are highly likely with HPI and may ultimately lead to permanent disability or amputation of the affected body parts. To lessen the risk of HPI, use wide angle or fan nozzles to disburse the pressure over a wider area. Solid stream nozzles can do more harm and should be avoided whenever possible. As with abrasions, wear protective clothing and never point the pressure washing wand at yourself or another person.
Special concerns for each specific type of machine should also be considered. With electric pressure washers (as with any electrical tool around water) there is the risk of electric shock. Use of gas-powered pressure washers can lead to asphyxiation by carbon monoxide inhalation when used without proper ventilation. Gas units are also loud and may result in hearing loss – hearing protection should be worn at all times. Misuse of hot-water and steam pressure washers may result in serious burns that could likely require medical attention. When operating any pressure washer be sure to read and understand its operation manual, paying special attention to all safety precautions.
Do not be one of the thousands of individuals each year that underestimate the power of a pressure washer and ultimately require hospitalization for their injuries. Give the machine the respect it deserves and use necessary safety measures for each particular situation. If you have any doubts about operating a machine, consider hiring a mobile pressure washing service to complete your project. A quick Internet search for “pressure washing in (your city)” will likely result in dozens of professional companies that would be happy to give you a free estimate.
The bathroom is one common part of the house that usually undergoes home renovations. In a bathroom, the focal point of the upgrade is normally the toilet. With the many bathroom toilet models these days, homeowners have a lot of options to choose from. One of the increasingly popular toilet options today is the tankless toilets.
As its name suggests, the tankless toilet does not have a tank that makes use of gravity in flushing out the waste. Instead, it utilizes a powerful flush action to eliminate waste. Home tankless toilets have a motorized pump mechanism that pumps in a certain amount of water to the bowl.
There are certain benefits of a tankless system that makes this type of toilet ideal for a basement bathroom toilet as well as bathrooms located in other parts of the house. First of all, the tankless toilet results to more space within the bathroom. The toilet can be placed in almost anywhere, with only the link to the plumbing as the consideration.
A homeowner can either choose to install the toilet against the wall, or facing the wall with the water pipes connected from underneath the floor and through the bowl. Such toilet is ideal for homeowners who want more freedom in designing their bathroom layout. Since there is no tank, there is more than enough space to accommodate other fixtures like shelves, cabinets, and tables. The addition of these functional bathroom items can greatly help to improve its functionality.
Since the tankless toilet system makes use of an electric pump mechanism, there is the risk that the toilet would not function when there is an electric outage. Thus, homeowners opting to use them in their basement bathroom toilet or in any other bathrooms need to have an emergency generator. This is perhaps the major drawback of using this type of toilet system.
But overall, the use of tankless toilet systems offer a new way of improving the overall look and functionality of a bathroom without requiring too much space.
For most pregnant women, nausea and vomiting are most likely to develop in the first month or two of pregnancy and start tapering off by the end of the first trimester-by week 18 at the outside. But as many as 20 percent of women may find that their symptoms of pregnancy nausea lasting into the third trimester, and 5 percent experience nausea and vomiting right up to delivery.
For some women, morning sickness stops after a few weeks at the start of their pregnancy, only to return again around week 27 or after. Still other women have no nausea at all in early stages, and are quite surprised to find it developing in the last three months.
Of course, at any time, a sudden onset of nausea and vomiting can be due to a virus or other illness. Especially if it is accompanied by diarrhea, it could be the flu or food poisoning. If such symptoms are severe at any time during pregnancy, it’s important to be wary of dehydration and make sure to replenish the fluids being lost.
Starting around week 27, hormone activity tends to pick up again, after having leveled off somewhat for most women during the mid-stages of pregnancy. Women who maintain high levels of the hCG hormone are particularly likely to find that their NVP also continues throughout pregnancy.
Another instigator of nausea and vomiting the later stages of pregnancy is simply the size of the growing fetus. At this time it’s most common for nausea to strike immediately after a meal, often accompanied by heartburn. As the baby gets bigger, the uterus exerts more pressure on the stomach causing heartburn and nausea when the stomach is filled. At this point, stomach capacity is even smaller, and it’s even more important to stick to smaller meals to reduce this stress.
So nausea in the third trimester isn’t necessarily unusual or worrisome. However, there are a couple of serious late-pregnancy liver diseases that can also lead to nausea and vomiting, including acute fatty liver of pregnancy and HELLP syndrome. Though both of these ailments are truly rare, they are also life-threatening if untreated. For this reason, doctors now recommend that any woman experiencing nausea and vomiting accompanied by upper abdominal pain and “malaise” in the third trimester of pregnancy have her liver enzymes and renal function evaluated, along with a complete blood count.
Also, any woman who is experiencing nausea and vomiting in combination with severe headaches, facial swelling, sudden swelling, abdominal pain, and visual disturbances (e.g., seeing spots) should call her physician immediately. These are signs of preeclampsia, an illness that can develop quite rapidly anytime after the 20th week of pregnancy and that affects as many as 8 percent of pregnancies. Preeclampsia can cause strokes and kidney damage, liver failure, blot clots, fluid in the lungs, seizures, and even death of both the child and the mother.
There is one final factor that can lead to nausea in late pregnancy-though in this instance it is a bit easier to diagnose. If nausea, vomiting and diarrhea coincide with cramps, backache, pelvic pressure, and contractions occurring less than 10 minutes apart, labor has begun.
While not uncommon, then, nausea late in any pregnancy merits a consultation with your care provider. In most cases there are ordinary and harmless reasons for it, but there is an outside chance that is a symptom of one of these several serious illnesses that occasionally arise during the late weeks of pregnancy.
Dremel tools are made in America and have been a household name for generations. They have a reputation for being high-quality, versatile tools and have been popular with homeowners and hobbyists ever since the first Dremel rotary tool was introduced over 75 years ago.
The Dremel company has continuously refined and perfected their products and now offers a line of rotary tools designed to serve a wide range of hobbies and around-the-house projects. Many businesses also find Dremel tools a great asset to complement to their standard-size saws, routers and sanders.
Choosing The Right Dremel Tool
The Dremel tool that is right for you will depend on the types of projects you want to do. So, to begin the process of choosing, think about what you want to do with the tool. Then try to imagine yourself completing one of your projects using the tool that you are considering. Does it feel right? Then you need to evaluate the accessories that come with the tool. Are all the bits that you'll need included? You should also check to see if there is a kit that will save you money. Kits usually contain more bits and accessories than you think you will need. But, believe me, no matter which Dremel's tools you decide on, you'll soon discover that your Dremel tool is even more useful than you imagined. There are over 200 attachments and accessories available making every Dremel tool extremely versatile.
While not all of Dremel's attachments and accessories can be added to or used with every Dremel tool, there are always a variety of bits available for every tool. Bits for cutting woods, metals and plastics and for grinding, sanding, polishing, and routing. There are attachments for cutting circles, for cutting straight edges, for sharpening chain saws, for filing your dog's nails and even for carving pumpkins. Then there is a whole raft of accessories such as a flexible shaft attachment, a multi-use vise, a project table, and multifunction work station to name a few. What you can do with a Dremel tool? The possibilities are endless.
The Dremel MultiTool System
This new multi-tool system evolved from the original Dremel rotary tool, the MultiPro. Today, you can choose from many different models, both battery driven and with cords, and all of these rotary tools are great for crafts and for your hobby projects. Most of these rotary tools are also well suited for many of the DIY jobs around the house. The MultiTool models include: The 200 Series, The 300 Series, The 4000, The 7700, The 8000, and the 8200. There are also other Dremel rotary tools designed specifically for specific arts, crafts and hobbies.
The Dremel Trio
The Trio features 360 degree spiral cutting technology and plunge-cut ability and is a great tool for everyone involved in general hands on projects in and around the house. It is versatile, compact and lightweight. It makes quick and freehand cuts in wood, plastic, drywall, metal, and wall tile very easy to do. It's great for craft and hobby projects too. Read all about the Trio and what you can do with it on my website, The Dremel Trio, and find out where to get the best online price.
The Dremel Multi-Max
The Multi-Max is an oscillating tool rather than a rotary tool. It's the ideal tool to use for repairing, remodeling and or restoring around the house. Its quick change system allows you to adapt quickly to any situation using the wide variety of accessories available. It's two batteries guarantee that it has more than enough endurance to tackle any light DIY job or hobby project. You'll be able to read all about this versatile tool on my new website The Dremel Multi-Max – to be published soon .
Regardless of which Dremel tool you decide is the right tool for you, be assured you will be purchasing a very reliable and powerful tool. Each Dremel product has been ergonomically designed so your hands will not get sore or cramped. Each tool has a soft-grip handle making it more comfortable to use and giving you more control while working on your projects.